It was only in 1961, when His Majesty the late King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, the third monarch, ended Bhutan’s self-imposed isolation and embarked on the path of modern development that the country became an active member of the global ommunity. Until then, Bhutan was a self-contained traditional rural society. People cultivated as much as they needed and had a ustainable relationship with nature. They bred animals, wove their own cloth and made pottery. There were no roads, mules, yaks and horses were the principal mode of transport. Hence, modern development that began less than four decades ago has involved building roads, schools and industries. It has meant putting in place a proper system of administration, a network of roads and communication facilities. Enhancing the provision of modern health, sanitation, safe drinking water services and electricity also featured prominently amongst Bhutan’s development priorities.
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