In order to facilitate direct participation of the people in the development and management of their own social, economic and environmental wellbeing through decentralization and devolution of power and authority; and
Recognizing that Local Governments are elected bodies to represent the interests of local communities and to fulfil their aspirations and needs;
The National Assembly of Bhutan hereby enacts the Local Governments’ Act of Bhutan as follows:
Bhutan’s planned development started in 1961 when the 1st Five-Year Plan (FYP) was initiated. Currently, the RGoB is on the threshold of starting the 10th FYP from 2008. This is the first study to assess the impact of the last 45 years of planned development and the effectiveness of planning procedures on rural development.
Bhutan fully subscribes to the Millennium Development Goals and they are in tune with the country’s national development priorities, including the overarching goal of Gross National Happiness. With poverty reduction as the main theme of Tenth Plan (2008-2013), the MDGs are integrated into the national development planning process.
While the country is on track to achieve most of the MDGs, the scarcity of resources is a significant constraint for the full realization of these goals. At the global level, broad estimates for achieving the MDGs have been made by institutions such as
the High Level Panel on Financing for Development and the World Bank and some countries have undertaken assessments to estimate the cost of achieving the MDGs at the national level. In Bhutan, recognizing the need and benefits of a realistic assessment of the resources needed to achieve the MDGs and to mainstream these goals into the Tenth Plan process, a needs assessment and costing exercise was initiated by the Planning Commission in June 2006.
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